Sunday, August 7, 2011

Holy Qur'an - SURAH 19: MARYAM (Mary).

SURAH 19: MARYAM (Mary).

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

1 Kaf Ha Ya Ain Sad.

2 A recital of the mercy of the Lord to his servant Zakariyya.

3 Behold! He cried to his Lord in secret,

4 Praying: O my Lord! Infirm indeed are my bones, and the hair of my head glistens with grey: but never am I unblest, O my Lord, in my prayer to you!

5 Now I fear what my relatives will do after me: but my wife is barren: so give me an heir as from yourself,

6 One that will truly represent me, and represent the posterity of Yaqub; and make him, O my Lord! One with whom you are well pleased!

7 His prayer was answered: O Zakariyya! We give you good news of a son: his name shall be Yahya: on none by that name have we conferred distinction before.

8 He said: O my Lord! How shall I have a son, when my wife is barren and I have grown quite decrepit from old age?

9 He said: so it will be: your Lord says, that is easy for me: I did indeed create you before, when you had been nothing!

10 Zakariyya said: O my Lord! Give me a sign, your sign, was the answer, shall speak to no man for three nights, although you are not dumb.

11 So Zakariyya came out to his people from his chamber: he told them by signs to celebrate Allah's praises in the morning and in the evening.

12 To his son came the command: O Yahya! Take hold of Al-Kitab with might: and we gave him wisdom even as a youth,

13 And pity for all creatures as from us, and purity: he was devout,

14 And kind to his parents, and he was not overbearing or rebellious.

15 So peace on him the day he was born, the day that he dies, and the day that he will be raised up to life again!

16 Relate in Al-Kitab the story of Maryam, when she withdrew from her family to a place in the east.

17 She placed a screen to screen herself from them; then we sent to her our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in all respects.

18 She said: I seek refuge from you to Allah most gracious: come not near if you fear Allah.

19 He said: "No, I am only a messenger from your Lord, to announce to you the gift of a holy[1] son."

20 She said: "How shall I have a son, seeing that non man has touched me and I am not unchaste?"

21 He said: "So it will be: Your Lord says, 'That is easy for me: and we wish to appoint him as a sign to men and a mercy from us.' It is a matter so decreed."

22 So she conceived him, and she retired with him to a remote place.

23 And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She cried in her anguish: Ah! Would that I had died before this! Would that I had been a thing forgotten and out of sight!

24 But a voice cried to her from beneath the palm tree: grieve not! For your Lord has provided a rivulet beneath you;

25 And shake towards yourself the trunk of the palm tree. It will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you.

26 So eat and drink and cool your eye. And if you see any man, say, I have vowed a fast to Allah most gracious, and this day will I enter into no talk with any human being.

27 At length she brought the babe to her people, carrying him in her arms. They said: O Maryam! Truly an amazing thing have you brought!

28 O sister of Harun![2] Your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother a woman unchaste!

29 But she pointed to the babe. They said: How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?

30 He said: I am indeed a servant of Allah: he has given me Al-Kitab and made me a prophet;

31 And he has made me blessed wherever I be, and has enjoined on me prayer and charity as long as I live;

32 He has made me kind to my mother, and not overbearing or miserable;

33 So peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die,[3] and the day that I shall be raised up to life again!

34 Such was 'Isa Ibn Maryam: it is a statement of truth, about which they vainly dispute.

35 It is not befitting to Allah that he should sire a son[4]. Glory be to him! When he determines a matter, he only says to it, be, and it is.

36 Truly Allah is my Lord and your Lord: therefore serve him. This is a way that is straight.

37 But the sects differ among themselves: and woe to the unbelievers because of the judgment of a momentous day!

38 How plainly will they see and bear, the day that they will appear before us! But the unjust to day are in error manifest!

39 But warn them of the day of distress, when the matter will be determined: for behold, they are negligent and they do not believe!

40 It is we who will inherit the earth, and all beings thereon: to us will they all be returned.

41 Also mention in Al-Kitab the story of Ibrahim: he was a man of truth, a prophet.

42 Behold, he said to his father: O my father! Why worship that which hears not and sees not, and can profit you nothing?

43 O my father! To me has come knowledge which has not reached you: so follow me: I will guide you to a way that is even and straight.

44 O my father! Serve not Satan: for Satan is a rebel against Allah most gracious.

45 O my father! I fear lest a penalty affect you from Allah most gracious, so that you become to Satan a friend.

46 The father replied: do you hate my gods, O Ibrahim? If you forbear not, I will Indeed stone you: Now get away from me for a good long while!

47 Ibrahim said: peace be on you: I will pray to my Lord for your forgiveness: for he is to me most gracious.

48 And I will turn away from you all and from those whom you invoke besides Allah: I will call on my Lord: perhaps, by my prayer to my Lord, I shall be not unblest.

49 When he had turned away from then and from those whom they worshipped besides Allah, we bestowed on him Ishaq and Yaqub, and each one of them we made a prophet.

50 And we bestowed of our mercy on them, and we granted them lofty honour on the tongue of truth.

51 Also mention in Al-Kitab the story of Musa: for he was specially chosen, and he was a messenger and a prophet.

52 And we called him from the right side of Mount Sinai, and made him draw near to us, for mystic converse.

53 And, out of our mercy, we gave him his brother Harun, also a prophet.

54 Also mention in Al-Kitab the story of Ismail: he was strictly true to what he promised, and he was a messenger and a prophet.

55 He used to enjoin on his people prayer and charity, and he was most acceptable in the sight of his Lord.

56 Also mention in Al-Kitab the case of Idris: he was a man of truth and a prophet.

57 And we raised him to a lofty station.[5]

58 Those were some of the prophets on whom Allah bestowed his grace of the posterity of Adam, and of those whom we carried in the Ark with Nuh, and of the posterity of Ibrahim and Israel, of those whom we guided and chose. Whenever the signs of Allah most gracious were rehearsed to them, they would fall down in prostrate adoration and in tears.

59 But after them there followed a posterity who missed prayers and followed after lusts: soon, then, will they face destruction,

60 Except those who repent and believe, and work righteousness: for these will enter the garden and will not be wronged in the least,

61 Gardens of eternity, those which Allah most gracious has promised to his servants in the unseen: for his promise must come to pass.

62 They will not there hear any vain discourse, but only salutations of peace: and they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening.

63 Such is the garden which we give as an inheritance to those of our servants who guard against evil.

64 The angels say: we descend not but by command of your Lord: to him belongs what is before us and what is behind us, and what is between: and your Lord never forgets,

65 Lord of the heavens and of the earth, and of all that is between them: so worship him, and be constant and patient in his worship: do you know of any who is worthy of the same name as he?

66 Man says: What! When I am dead, shall I then be raised up alive?

67 But does not man call to mind that we created him before out of nothing?

68 So, by your Lord, without doubt, we shall gather them together, and also the demons with them; then shall we bring them forth on their knees round about hell;

69 Then shall we certainly drag out from every sect all those who were worst in obstinate rebellion against Allah most gracious.

70 And certainly we know best those who are most worthy of being burned therein.

71 There is not one of you but will pass over it: this is, with your Lord, a decree which must be accomplished.

72 But we shall save those who guarded against evil, and we shall leave the wrongdoers therein, humbled to their knees.

73 When our clear signs are rehearsed to them, the unbelievers say to those who believe, "Which of the two sides is best in point of position? Which makes the best show in council?"

74 But how many countless generations before them have we destroyed, who were even better in equipment and in glitter to the eye?

75 Say: If any men go astray, Allah most gracious extends the rope to them, until, when they see the warning of Allah being fulfilled either in punishment or in the approach of the Hour, they will at length realize who is worst in position, and who is weakest in forces!

76 And Allah advances in guidance those who seek guidance: and the things that endure, good deeds, are best in the sight of your Lord, as rewards, and best in respect of their eventual returns.

77 Have you then seen the sort of man who rejects our signs, yet says: I shall certainly be given wealth and children?

78 Has he penetrated to the unseen, or has he taken a contract with Allah most gracious?

79 No! We shall record what he says, and we shall add and add to his punishment.

80 To us shall return all that he talks of, and he shall appear before us bare and alone.

81 And they have taken gods other than Allah, to give them power and glory!

82 Instead, they shall reject their worship, and become adversaries against them.

83 Do you not see that we have set the demons on against the unbelievers, to incite them with fury?

84 So make on haste against them, for we but count out to them a limited number of days.

85 The day we shall gather the righteous to Allah most gracious, like a band presented before a king for honours,

86 And we shall drive the sinners to hell, like thirsty cattle driven down to water,

87 No one shall have the power of intercession, except one[6] who has received permission from Allah most gracious.

88 They say: Allah most gracious has sired a son![7]

89 Indeed you have put forth a thing most monstrous!

90 At it the skies are ready to burst, the earth to split apart, and the mountains to fall down in utter ruin,

91 That they should invoke a son for Allah most gracious.

92 For it is not consonant with the majesty of Allah most gracious that he should sire a son.

93 Not one of the beings in the heavens and the earth but must come to Allah most gracious as a servant.

94 He takes account of them all, and has numbered them all exactly.

95 And each one of them will come to him one by one on the day of judgment.

96 On those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, will Allah most gracious bestow love.

97 So have we made the Quran easy in your own tongue, that with it you may give glad tidings to the righteous, and warnings to people given to contention.

98 But how many countless generations before them have we destroyed? Can you find a single one of them now or hear so much as a whisper of them?

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[1] "Holy" can also be translated "pure" or "faultless." Prophet 'Isa Ibn Maryam is the only prophet who is said to be without sin in the Quran. The Injil says the same thing--'Isa was "without sin" (Hebrews 4:15) and "did not sin" (1 Peter 2:22). It is a commonly held error that the other prophets are sinless. For more on this subject see Lesson Two of the study course "The Testimony of the Holy Quran." See also Surah 47:19.

[2] It is unclear why Maryam, mother of 'Isa, is called "sister of Harun". The only Harun mentioned in the Quran is Harun, brother of Musa (pbuh), but he lived some 1400 years before Maryam, mother of 'Isa. If Harun was Maryam's forefather, you might expect her to be called "daughter of Harun," but probably not "sister of Harun." Harun and Musa (peace be upon them) did have a sister named Maryam. But she is not the same Maryam who gave birth to 'Isa al-Masih. You can read about her in the Holy Taurat, Exodus. That other Maryam is actually called "sister of Harun" in Exodus 15:20. Furthermore, Imran is listed as the father of Musa, Harun, and Maryam in the Taurat, 1 Chronicles 6:3.

[3] "The day that I die" is sometimes misunderstood to mean that the death of Prophet 'Isa is still future. It should be remembered that these words are being uttered by the infant 'Isa about his death to his mother Maryam. 'Isa's death could happen at any time in the future from the time he was an infant. Earlier in this surah in verse 15, the death of Prophet Yahya is predicted using the same language, "the day that he dies." Prophet Yahya's death occurred when he was martyred at about 30 years of age, almost 2,000 years ago. Accordingly, 'Isa's death could also have happened while he was still on earth, and not after his second coming, as some say. Furthermore, his death is said to be a blessed day, a day of "peace". It is incorrect to think that death for him would somehow be shameful, any more than it would be for any other prophet.

[4] The holy Injil states plainly that 'Isa is God's Son (Ibn Allah), but no one should understand this to mean that Allah has physically fathered a son. Astaghfirullah! The study course "Allah's Eternal Word" deals with this issue in Lesson Four.

[5] The Taurat and Injil both mention that Prophet Idris was taken by Allah alive to heaven without seeing death. In Genesis 5:24 the Taurat says, "Idris walked with God, and he was not, for God took him." In Hebrews 11:5,6 the Injil adds, "By faith, Idris was taken away, so that he would not see death, and he was not found, because Allah took him. For before his departure he was commended as having pleased Allah. Without faith it is impossible to please him, for he who comes to Allah must believe that he exists, and that he rewards those who seek him." In this way, Prophet Idris (pbuh) is held forth as the example of a man who pleases Allah by his faith, and is thus rewarded.

[6] Al-Kitab identifies only one person as having the power of intercession--Prophet 'Isa al-Masih. The Taurat says prophetically that 'Isa "bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors" (Shaya 53:12). The Injil plainly teaches that 'Isa "is also able to save completely those who draw near to Allah through him, seeing he lives forever to make intercession for them" (Hebrews 7:25).

[7] Astaghfirullah! It would be blasphemy for anyone to say that 'Isa, the chosen intercessor, is the physical son of Allah. The title "Son of God" describes a special spiritual relationship of 'Isa with Allah, but not a physical relationship. The study course "Allah's Eternal Word" deals with this issue in Lesson Four.

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